Kaçarak Evlenen Kadınların Kök Aile İlişkilerinin ve Kaçarak Evlenme Deneyimlerinin Feminist Sosyal Hizmet Yaklaşımı Temelinde İncelenmesi: Düzce İli Örneği
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The aim of this study was to question the connection between elopement of women and their participation in decision-making process within their stem families, sexist division of labor within the family, their gender roles, development of their duration of education and their coping strategies for the problems, their parental attitudes and sociocultural codes, and to examine their elopement phase and subsequent life experiences with a feminist approach perspective. Theoretical framework of the study was based on the evaluation of the family that is the producer and practitioner of patriarchal codes, in terms of feminism and feminist social work approach. In the study, a qualitative research method was used with a feminist perspective. Sample of the study included 24 eloped women who were living in Duzce and chosen by snowball sampling method. In-depth interview and observation techniques were used in the study. Data which were obtained from the interviews were assessed by splitting into themes and codes by MAXQDA10 program. According to this study, patriarchal family dynamics in the stem families of women, authoritarian parental attitudes, prohibition of dating or sexuality before marriage, absence of their right to speak during decision-taking process within the family, deprivation of them from education and their gender roles form a basis for their elopement. It was also observed that elopement was preferred for some of its economic and social gains for the spouses of eloped women and the families of their spouses; however, marriage types of eloped women affected them in a negative way during their marriage and rest of their lives, they felt guilt and regret due to their preference of elopement and they experienced disadvantages due to the reflections of verbal and psychological violence to themselves within their relationship with their spouses and their families. Within social work practice with women, some studies should be organized for exposing women’s abilities to take control and responsibility of their own lives by focusing on their strengths within the framework of feminist social work approach that is one of the liberating approaches which are struggling against inequalities found in social justice system. Social, economic and communal status of the women should be improved by increasing women’s participation in education and enhancing their problem solving capacities; and they should be equipped with knowledge and skills that may help them to cope with patriarchal power patterns.