OECD Ülkelerinde Kadın İşgücüne Katılımı: Ekonomik Kalkıma ve Vergi Yükü Açısından Analizi
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Comprising about one half of the world population, women’s contributions to economic activities and growth lag behind this potential in creating serious macroeconomic consequences. The economic and social literature give a particular importance to positive effect of female labor force and gender equality on economic development and also assert that there is an U-shaped relationship between female labor force participation rates and the economic growth. In this study, the presence of U shaped relationship between female labor force participation rate and economic growth is proven by heterogeneous panel data estimates under the assumption of cointegration for 34 OECD countries using OECD and World Bank data sets between 2000 and 2012. As a result of estimations, made using the tax burden and the fiscal freedom variables in order to establish the connection of the fiscal policy, found a positive relation between female labor force participation rate and fiscal freedom and a negative relation with the tax burden on the labor cost. In this regard, increasing fiscal freedom in the economy at macro scale, supporting women entrepreneurship and reducing tax burden on labor cost at micro scale and making all these an employment policy will ensure the economic development by increasing female participation in the labor force.