Articulatio Temporomandibularis'in Anatomik Ölçümlerinin Konik Işınlı Bilgisayarlı Tomografi ile Değerlendirilmesi
Temporomandibular joint is located in between the mandible and temporal bones of both sides bilaterally and functions synchroniously. During speaking and chewing; the mandible performs many movements. Therefore; it differentiates from other joints of cranium via its mobility. Disorders of temporomandibular joint is one of the most popular joint pathologies which effects the daily life of many patients. Additionally, less than a half of these joint disorders are being reported by the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the detailed anatomy of the joint in a large series of population divided into age groups. These morphometric measurements were performed both on the right and left sides separately and the comparisons were done according to side, age and sex. In the study, all of the measurements were done in the cone beam computed tomography images of 100 patients (50 males and 50 females). In all of these patients; the radiology of temporomandibular joints was anatomically normal. In the morphometric analysis, by using many parameters; the distance in between the mandibular fossa and mandibular condyle; the angles in between the ramus of the mandible and mandibular condyle; the bone measurements of mandibular condyle and the relations of mandibular fossa, articular tubercle and zygomatic arch were detected according to side differences (right or left side), sex and age groups. The statistical analysis of all these data was performed and the statistically significant differences according to side of the joint, gender and age groups were reported. Additionally; the corelations in between all these parameters and the corelations in between the ages of the patients were also detected. In the comparison of our study and the studies found in the literature; the main differences were our larger anatomically normal series and higher number of morphometric parameters. We believe that all these data will make a contribution to the literature.