Adölesanlarda Televizyon, Bilgisayar/Video Oyunu gibi Medya Kaynaklarının Kullanımı ile Besin Tüketim Durumu Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi
Kartal, F. Assessment of Relationship between Usage of Media Resources such as Television, Computer/Video Game and Food Consumption in Adolescents. Hacettepe University Institute of Medical Sciences, Dietetic Program, Master Thesis, Ankara, 2017. The present study was aimed to define the quantities and types of foods consumed by adolescents during use of media tools (television, computer, etc.), to examine the relationship between energy and nutrient intake and obesity, and to evaluate the contribution of energy and nutrient intake during the use of media tools to daily energy and nutrient intake. A total of 73 adolescents aged between 11-18 years and who visits an internet cafe, were included in the study. Participants were evaluated when they were using a computer in an internet cafe, food consumptions during the use of media tools were recorded. Additionally, 24-hour dietary recall and 24-hour physical activity recall was administered in the same day. Daily energy and nutrient intake and their percentage of recommended daily allowance were calculated from food records. Body weight, height, and waist circumference measurements were collected and body mass index values were calculated. During the use of media, contribution of cake, pastry and cookie type foods to daily consumption were found 73,5±40,5% in boys and 50,3±47,2% in girls. At the same time, consumption of oily seeds in both boys and girls, (48±51,8% in boys and 57,4±47,5% in girls), consumption of sweet foods in girls (53,7±44,4%) and saturated fat consumption (46,2±47,7%) during the use of media tools were contributed to the daily consumption significantly. It was found that, adolescents consumed less egg, legumes, milk and dairy products, and vegetables in front of the media tools ( 6,5±19,8%, 11,1±33,3%, 11,9±27,3%, 21,8±29,2% in boys; 19,4±37,9%, 20,0±42,1%, 33,9±41,1%, and 28,6±39,0% in girls, respectively) (p<0,05). A significant correlation was observed between the energy and fat content of foods consumed in front of media tools, and obesity (p<0,05). Also, a positive correlation was found between the time spend in the internet cafe and energy intake during the use of the media tools (p<0,05). It was concluded that, the time spend in front of the media tools, and foods consumed during this time by adolescents should be arranged so they can maintain a healthier life and reduce the risk for chronic diseases in the adulthood.