Onkoloji Hastalarının Manevi Bakım Gereksinimlerini Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçeğin Geliştirilmesi
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This study is designed as a methodological research to develop and analyze validity and reliability of “Spiritual Care Need Scale” identifying spiritual care needs of oncology patients. Research took place in Ankara Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Training and Research Hospital Outpatient Chemotherapy Unit during March 2017 – May 2017. Sample is composed of 290 patients being treated at the day outpatient chemotherapy unit for cancer disease and meeting sampling criteria. The data is collected through “Patient Identification Form” and “Spiritual Care Need Scale”. Content and construct validity tests are applied to evaluate the validity of the scale; and internal validity and time invariance tests are applied to evaluate the reliability of the test. Expert opinion is solicited to evaluate the content validity of the scale. Exploratory factor analysis is applied to test the construct validity and consequently 4 sub-dimensions composed of 24 articles are obtained. Sub-dimensions are denominated as “Faith and spiritual activities”, “Peacefulness and security until the end of one’s lifetime”, “Love and support of the intimates” and “Briefing about the health”. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is calculated to evaluate the internal validity of the scale. Cronbach’s alpha value for “Spiritual Care Need Scale” is calculated as 0,867. Cronbach’s alpha values for the sub-dimensions are calculated as: 0,919 for “Faith and spiritual activities”; 0,921 for “Peacefulness and security until the end of one’s lifetime”; 0,805 for “Love and support of the intimates” and 0,868 for “Briefing about the health”. Test-retest applied for time invariance criterion results in time invariance for both “Spiritual Care Need Scale” and its sub-dimensions. The analyses sets “Spiritual Care Need Scale” as a valid and reliable measurement tool. In accordance with the research results, it is recommended to apply “Spiritual Care Need Scale” to assess the spiritual care needed by oncology patients.