Dıe Kulturbezogene Problematık in Der Adoleszenz In Türkıschen Und Deutschen Jugendromanen Anhand Der Werke Von Ipek Ongun Und Alexa Hennıg Von Lange
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This study examines the culture-bound problems experienced by young people in young adult fiction through a comparative cultural analysis of various different novels written by İpek Ongun in Turkish literature and novels written by Alexa Hennig von Lange in German literature. In this context, “Bir Genç Kızın Gizli Defteri”, “Arkadaşlar Arasında”, “Kendi Ayakları Üstünde”, “Adım Adım Hayata”, “İşte Hayat” and “Şimdi Düğün Zamanı” by İpek Ongun and “Ich habe einfach Glück”, “Erste Liebe”, “Leute, ich fühle mich leicht”, “Leute mein Herz glüht”, “Leute, die Liebe schockt” and “Leute, das Leben schockt” by Alexa Hennig von Lange have been examined. In this study, Geert Hofstede’s Theory of Cultural Dimensions has been adapted into literature, and collective and society oriented behavior of the characters in the novels have been determined and classified. Focusing on different cultural dimensions which Hofstede’s theory is based on including power distance (equality versus inequality), collectivism (versus individualism), masculinity (versus femininity), uncertainty avoidance (versus uncertainty tolerance), temporal orientation (long-term versus short-term orientation) and indulgence (versus restraint); references to these dimensions in the novels studied have been analyzed. In this context, studies on hermeneutics as the theoretical principle have been dealt with in the first part of the dissertation. The focus of the study is especially on Hans Georg Soeffner’s Social-Scientific Hermeneutics, and the interpretation routines which add meaning to the daily routines of the characters in the novels in their social milieus, behavioral structures, rituals and symbols are being examined. In addition, it is tried to make the culture hidden behind the personal lives of the characters visible. Furthermore, the messages the authors are willing to convey have been determined through hermeneutics interpretation. Considering Max Weber’s Theory of Behavior, culture-bound and collective behavior of the individuals are tried to be determined and in order to understand the period of adolescence, Societal Youth Research Method is used. The basis of this study is Geert Hofstede’s Theory of Cultural Dimensions. Through determining and classifying the culture-bound behavior, reflections of the problems encountered during the period of adolescence on the Turkish and German literature are tried to be put forward and it is also examined whether the authors’ aims are didactic or not via the respective works of the authors.