Alternative Approaches To Electroflocculation And Electrocoagulation Application At Industrial Wastewaters
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The evolving industry and consumption growth are causing many different kinds of productions and waste to be produced as a result of these productions. As a result of the production processes in the industrial plants, wastewaters of various pollutant concentrations and pollution loads are formed. In this study, electro-flocculation purification which is the electrochemical treatment method in these pollutants, has been investigated based on basic pollutants in various industrial waters. In the studies, the area occupied by the wastewater type of the electro-flocculation process was evaluated depending on the parameters such as the feed pH, conductivity, electrode material, current density and process time in the basic pollutant. The pollutant parameters determined according to the wastewater type were analyzed by analyzing the changes in the electrode types, current densities and process durations at different pH values in the prepared reactor. It has been observed that the process time and the applied current density have a direct effect on the wastewater of all industries, but the electrode material and pH factors are not a significant influence on the wastewater of some of the studied industries. Basically, in the process mechanism, it was observed that the greatest factor was the applied current, and as the current value increased, the process time shortened, and the efficiency increased. However, this efficiency started to have a negative effect after having a certain value due to the wastewater characteristic with a threshold value electro-flocculation technology has been found to have high purification efficiencies when suitable current and pH balances are established in pollutants such as heavy metals, but it has been found that effluent parameters such as organic heavy pollution wastewaters and nitrogen are not within desired ranges With the results obtained, the main pollutant models that can be preferred to the system and wastewater and industrial usability have been revealed and it has been revealed how important factors of current density, pH, electrode material factors play in the efficiency of the treatment.