Sağlık Çalışanlarına Yönelik Şiddetin Değerlendirilmesi
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Violence has become a phenomenon where superior efforts have been made to overcome the societies, but continue to increase day by day in spite of all the struggles. People are exposed or witnessed a certain form of violence almost every day. Violent events splashed in areas, such as work, school, home and street, are causing irreparable problems for society and the individual. In particular, it has been determined that there is an increase in violent acts in health institutions and establishments in business areas and health workers are at higher risk. Because health workers are under the risk of such violence, their service negatively affects the worker, his colleagues, work efficiency, work performance and many others. Therefore, it is necessary to work on this subject and to produce solutions to solve the problem of violence. The aim of the research carried out in this context is to determine which group of health professionals is the most common source of violence and to be exposed to violence more frequently and to determine which methods health workers apply to cope with verbal, physical and sexual violence, identification of the effects of socio-demographic characteristics on violence. In this context, a questionnaire was distributed to the health workers in a public hospital in Ankara and the data obtained from the 347 questionnaires collected were taken into consideration. The analysis results indicate that 96.2% of physicians, 95.7% of nurses and 80.7% of other hospital personnel were exposed to verbal aggression at least once and verbal violence was found to be the most exposed type of violence. In our study, it was determined that the nurses mostly faced with physical and sexual violence. It has been determined that the most prevalent effect of verbal, physical and sexual violence on health workers is anger and that the majority of health workers prefer to do nothing to cope with violence. As a result of regression analysis, verbal, physical and sexual violence among health professionals were found to be mostly exposed to nurses and the results were statistically significant (p<0.05).