Almanya'da Çocukları Koruma Altına Alınan Göçmen Ailelere Yönelik Koruma Hizmetlerinin İncelenmesi
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The Turkish labour migration to Germany that started from 1960s has brought about various problems. Child protection services towards Turkish immigrant families whose children have been taken into care is amongst these problems that has constantly been on the agenda in the recent years yet not researched holistically so far. The primary objective of this research is to set out the experiences of immigrant families, whose children have been taken into care, in their own language. The study strives to understand and make sense of the child protection practices towards Turkish immigrant families whose children have been taken into care by German Youth Welfare Services and the problems they experienced during this process. As part of the sub-objectives of this study, the topics of the child’s well-being being put at risk, the position of Germany in international child protection, the attitudes of Turkish immigrant families towards Youth Welfare Services and culturally-sensitive social work practice are discussed. Qualitative research method was chosen to set out the experiences of the families who came into contact with child protection services before, during and after their children were taken into care. As part of this, in-depth interviews were carried out with 17 Turkish immigrant families whose children had been taken into care and 9 expert who work in the field of child protection. The study found that Youth Welfare Services represent “fear and distrust” in the eyes of Turkish immigrant families. It also found that the families felt that Youth Welfare Services were introduced to children from early ages and that they were intervening in family’s private sphere. One of the most significant problems that was experienced between families and their children before they were taken into care was found to be the clash of tradition and modernity in terms of differing lifestyles and values. The absence of a systematically culturally sensitive social work practice came out in the interviews both with the families and experts although there is work undertaken in the field of multicultural social work in Germany. Immigrant families feel they are not understood by child protection workers, their culture or values are not respected and they are judged by child protection workers. Additionally, families feel their children’s cultural needs, i.e. religion, language are not taken into consideration and thus, their children’s care experience is having negative impacts on their children’s identity needs, i.e. language, lifestyles and culture. One of the most dramatic findings of the study was that families liken the experience of their children being takein to care to death. Families describe their children’s abrupt accomodation without their knowledge and their subsequent inability to reach them as something beyond death. This reserach, which is the first research that has examined child protection services towards Turkish immigrant families, is providing a snapshot of experiences of Turkish immigrant families whose children have been taken into care rather than claiming an understanding of the full picture. As such, there is need for more research in order to better understand the child protection practices towards immigrant families and how these impact on ethnic communities in order to pave the way for a service delivery that is child and family oriented rather than procedure driven. In this context, it is felt that there is research gaps in experiences of Turkish children who are in foster care or in children homes or who have left care and these areas would be useful for the future research to focus on.