Evli veya Boşanmış Ebeveyne Sahip Olan, 11-14 Yaş Arasındaki Çocukların Bağlanma Stilleri ve Sosyal Fobi Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişki
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The aim of this research is to evaluate the relationship between attachment styles and social phobia levels of children who has married or divorced parents and children who are in a sensitive adolescence period in the transition from childhood to adulthood Quantitative method was used in the research. The research sample consists of volunteer students aged between 11 and 14 who are studying in secondary schools attached to the Ministry of National Education in the provinces of Ankara during the 2016-2017 Spring and 2017-2018 Fall semesters. For the sample of the research to represent the universe from a social and economic point of view, the targeted secondary schools and students in the provinces of Ankara, district of Çankaya and Etimesgut were selected by simple random sampling method. To reveal the sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents, their attachment styles and their social phobic levels, a survey from which has 3 parts that are "Personal Information Form", “Relationship Scales Questionnaire- Adoleccent; RSQ-A” and “Social Phobia Scale for Children and Adolescent (ÇESFÖ)” in total is used. It has been reached 230 adolescents and the datas that were collected from the participants were analyzed by a computer program called SPSS Statistics 25 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) and for these numerical varieties descriptive statistics, for these categorical varieties frequency distribution are given in the analyzes within the scope of the research. To identify whether there is significant distinction and relation among the variables or not, t and ANOVA tests were used. It has been located that the datas were not distrubuted normally and for this reason, the datas were analyzed with non parametric tests. The datas were analyzed with Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis H Tests. The relationship between social phobic levels and attachment styles of adolescents was examined by Spearman's Rho analysis. x The rates of boy and girl adolescents who has participated to the research are close; mostly at the age of 10-12 and whose parents are alive. The rates of boy and girl adolescents who have divorced parents are equal. Most of the adolescents were found to live with their mothers. None of adolescent have been separated from their sibling. The results of the research show that the majority of adolescents have a secure attachment style. There is no meaningful difference between the attachment styles and gender, age, married or divorced parents of the adolescents. It was concluded that there is a meaningful difference between parental education levels and attachment styles of adolescents.And there is a meaningful difference between adolescents with divorced parents; on school achievement, parental education levels, family income status assessments, who they live with and their attachment styles. Findings from the study show that there is no meaningful relationship between social phobia levels and gender, parents divorce status of adolescents. It has been determined that there is a meaningful relationship between the age, class levels, school achievement, parental education status, family income status and social phobia levels of the adolescents. When the information of the adolescents who has married or divorced parents were separately analyzed, it has been spotted that there is a meaningful relationship among age, class, where they live, school achievement and parental education levels. At the end, the research findings show that attachment styles with all subscales (secure, fearful, preoccupied, dismissive) and social phobia levels of adolescents have a meaningful relationship. A significant relationship has been spotted between the attachment styles with sub-dimensions of adolescents who have married parents and their social phobia levels. It has been specified that there is a meaningful relationship between the secure attachment style of adolescents who have divorced parents and social phobia levels. It has been concluded that the fearful attachment style and the dismissive attachment style have statistical meaning.