İtalya Basınında Sultan II. Abdülhamid Dönemi Osmanlı İmgesi
Yaban, Nesli Tuğban
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Turks and Italians have been in contact and interaction for centuries, continued their relationship during the time of Ottoman Empire and the 19th century when the empire was in a process of modernization was quite restless in terms of the communication between two countries. Interest of Turkish people in the West and of the Italian in the East led the states to mutually be solicitous about the geographical reasons they live in and people they live with due to social, cultural, political, economic and religious reasons, as a result of this interest cultural productions of both countries of different qualities emerged. Purpose of this thesis is to reveal how the image of the Ottoman Empire in the period of Sultan II. Abdul Hamid was used and how the image of Ottoman/Turkish was created over these images, through the news visuals in the Italian press that is one of the cultural productions concerned. The research was restricted to the period between 1876 and 1909 when Italy ensured its political unity and Sultan II. Abdul Hamid remained on the throne and was conducted in Rome, Italy in the manner to cover all publications produced by the Italian press. The visuals that were obtained as research data were classified by their subjects, considered with the method of rhetoric analysis within the framework of topics and evaluated with content analysis. The findings obtained from the data were evaluated over the formal characteristics of the visuals and their informative, disinformative or manipulative qualities were questioned. As a result of the content analysis, at the same time, similarities with and differences from the orientalist point of view of the Western societies were revealed. The image created with the visuals concerned not only nourishes the orientalist point of view, but also gives detailed information on and introduces the Ottoman society and culture of that period.