Knowledge Regardıng Infectıon and Preventıon Modes of Hepatıtıs B Dısease and Assocıated Factors Among Fırst Class Students of Nyala Unıversıty in Sudan
ELRASHEED, Sanaa Ishag Ahmed
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ABSTRACT ELRASHEED, S.I.A., Knowledge Regarding Infection and Prevention Modes of Hepatitis B Disease and Associated Factors Among First Class Students of Nyala University in Sudan. Hacettepe University, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Public Health Program, Master of Science Thesis, Ankara, 2018. In the present study, we aimed to assess the level of information regarding Hepatitis B (HB) disease among the first year students of the university, and to determine the factors affecting the level of information regarding HB disease. A cross-sectional study was conducted and the study group covered the first year students of the university (n = 1204). The data were analysed by using the SPSS 20.0 (Chicago IL, USA) version. Hepatitis B disease knowledge were collected by questions, which were used in similar studies and the total score was calculated by giving 1 point for each correct answer (higher scores indicating greater HB disease knowledge).. Descriptive statistics, binary analysis (chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test) and logistic regression analysis were used. The results was evaluated for a 95% confidence interval and the level of significance was determined as p <0.05. This study revealed that there was a general weakness in knowledge towards HB disease among students; the mean (±SD) knowledge score was 19.3 (±5.1) over a total of 41 points More than half (59.6%) of the respondents have never heard about the HB disease before. Out of all respondents, only 6.5% were vaccinated against HB disease. Being female (OR=1.4; 95% C.I. =1.1-1.9), not working in a paid job (OR=1.9; 95% C.I. =1.2 - 3.2) perceiving income status as good (OR=3.0; 95% C.I. =2.2-4.6) and as average (OR=1.5; 95% C.I. =1.2-2.1) and perceiving academic success as bad and average (OR=1.5; 95% C.I. =1.2-2.0) were associated with high level of knowledge about HB disease. From this study, it can be concluded that there was an inadequate knowledge level regarding HB among the participants. In order to minimise the risk of the infectious with HB among the university students, health education programmes should be conducted, and encourage the university students to receive vaccination against HB. Keywords: Hepatitis B, Knowledge, Students.