Sait Faik Abasıyanık Öykülerinde Söylem: "Semaver", "Mahalle Kahvesi", "Alemdağ'da Var Bir Yılan" Kitapları Üzerine Foucault'cu Bir Okuma
Huvaj Sevim, Nefin
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In this study, stories of Sait Faik Abasıyanık whom is one of the most important writers of Turkish literature, were studied by using Foucauldian discourse approach and his Archaeological Method. The stories were taken from his story books titled as "Semaver", "Mahalle Kahvesi" and "Alemdağ’da Var Bir Yılan". Foucauldian discourse analysis and power conceptualizations carried critical importance in the selection of stories from the books designated for the scope of the study. As a result of this study, it has been determined that Sait Faik literature has changed by being influenced by the characteristics and the discourse structures of the related historical periods. Within the scope of the research, the relations between the discourse structures in the books and the dominant discourse of the historical periods they were written were revealed. In the analysis and interpretation carried out in this study, it was determined that the focus of the two authors (Foucault and Abasiyanik), who did not live in the same periods, was essentially the same concept of “power”. It is noted that Foucault's opinion that the author is an ideological figure is not found to be valid in the case of Sait Faik. The study, in light of Foucault's views on literature and author (Author), brought together a discussion about Sait Faik's position as a writer and his rhetorical works. In this discussion, the study suggests that Sait Faik and Foucault are similar with respect to the view that there is no escape from the world of discourses, i.e power.