Opiyat Kullanım Bozukluğu Olan Bireyler ve Yakınlarına Uygulanan Grup Danışmanlığının Bireylerin Remisyon Süreleri ve Sosyal Destek Algıları İle Birey ve Yakınlarının Öz Yeterlik ve Umutsuzluk Düzeylerine Etkisi
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The study was conducted as an intervention study with monitoring pattern control group and pre-test and post-test in order to evaluate the effect of group counseling applied to individuals with opioid use disorder and their relatives on the remission durations and social support perceptions of the individuals and on the self-efficacy and hope levels of individuals and their relatives. A total of 74 individuals and their relatives, 37 of whom were in the intervention group and 37 of them in the control group, who were diagnosed with opioid use disorder in AMATEM affiliated to Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital and whose detoxification treatments were completed and who agreed to participate in the study formed the sample of the study. The 10-session program, which was prepared separately for individuals and their relatives, was applied once a week to individuals and their relatives in the intervention group. Each session lasted 90-120 minutes. In order to collect the data, urine substance measurement, Personal Information Form developed by the researcher, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, General Self-Efficacy Scale and Beck Hopelessness Scale were used. The data collection tools were administered four times in total before the program, just after the last session of the program, 1 month and 3 months after the last session. At the end of the study, the mean remission time (131.92) of the participants in the intervention group was found to be significantly higher than the mean remission time (122.73) of the participants in the control group. It was observed that the perception of social support of the intervention group was significantly higher than the pre-study and control group, and the level of hopelessness of the individuals and relatives in the intervention group was significantly higher than the pre-study and control group, and the self-efficacy levels of the individuals and relatives were higher than the pre-study and control groups. In this respect, it has been suggested that the group counseling program applied to individuals and their families increases the levels of self-efficacy and hopelessness, so that the remission period is longer and that such programs can be used in treatment and rehabilitation.