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dc.contributor.advisorSağlam Aydınatay, Banu
dc.contributor.authorSancar Turan, İrem
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-22T13:24:06Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-25
dc.date.submitted2018-12-05
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Seminars in Orthodontics; 2000: Elsevier.tr_TR
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11655/5966
dc.description.abstractSANCAR TURAN, I. Evaluation of the Effects of Unilateral Distalization on Dentofacial Structures With Tooth-supported or Bone-supported Carriere Distalizer. Hacettepe University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Specialty Thesis, Ankara, 2018. Introduction: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of mini-screw or lingual arch anchored Carriere Distalizer appliance on dentofacial structures in individuals who need unilateral distalization. Methods: Twenty patients were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were as follows; unilateral Class II or tete-a-tete molar-canine relationship, erupted the second molar teeth, normal or horizontal growth direction, no tendency to openbite. Patients included in the study were divided into two groups according to the bone width between the roots and the adequacy of the adherent gingival width. Carriere Distalizer was applied with lingual arch in group 1 (n = 10) and mini screw in group 2. (n = 10). Individuals were evaluated with dental cast and cephalometric recordings at the beginning of treatment (T1) and at the end of treatment (T2). Results: The treatment time was 3 ± 0.7 months in the lingual arch group and 4 ± 1.2 months in the mini screw group. The mean amount of distalization measured from cephalograms was 3.4 ± 1.8 mm in the lingual arch group and 3.1 ± 0.6 mm in the mini screw group. The amount of distal tipping in the first molar tooth was measured as 0.8 ° in the lingual arch group, and 2° in the mini screw group relative to the palatal plane. There was a significant increase (3.1 °) in the IMPA in the lingual arch group. The maxillary canines showed spontaneous distalization. No statistically significant changes were observed in the skeletal and soft tissues. Conclusions: As a result of our study, in the unilateral use of Carriere Distalizer appliance; There was no significant effect on the skeletal and soft tissues; in the lingual arch group, the lower anterior teeth were protruded significantly. In the mini-screw group, the upper anterior teeth were retracted significantly and effective distalization was observed in both groups.en
dc.description.tableofcontentsONAY SAYFASI …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….iii TEŞEKKÜR …………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………..v ÖZET …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………vi ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….vii İÇİNDEKİLER …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…viii SİMGELER VE KISALTMALAR ……………………………………………………………………………………………….x ŞEKİLLER ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………xi RESİMLER …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……xii TABLOLAR ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….xiii 1. GİRİŞ …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1 2. GENEL BİLGİLER …………………………………………………………………………………………………………3 2.1. Sınıf II Subdivizyon Malokluzyonlar ………………………………………………………………………..3 2.2. Sınıf II Subdivizyon Tedavi Yöntemleri ……………………………………………………………………8 2.2.1. İntermaksiller Elastikler …………………………………………………………………………………8 2.2.2. Sabit Fonksiyonel Apareyler …………………………………………………………………………..8 2.2.3. Ortognatik Cerrahi …………………………………………………………………………………………9 2.2.4. Çekimli Tedaviler …………………………………………………………………………………………..9 2.2.5. Distalizasyon Yöntemleri ……………………………………………………………………………..10 3. BİREYLER VE YÖNTEM ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 27 3.1. Bireyler ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27 3.2. Hastalardan Alınan Kayıtlar …………………………………………………………………………………28 3.3. Yöntem ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….30 3.4. Model Analizi ………………………………………………………………………………………………………38 3.4.1. Model Değerlendirmesinde Kullanılan Noktalar …………………………………………..38 3.4.2. Model Değerlendirmesinde Kullanılan Düzlemler ………………………………………..39 3.4.3. Model Değerlendirmesinde Kullanılan Ölçümler ………………………………………….39 3.5. Sefalometrik Radyografların Değerlendirilmesi ……………………………………………………42 3.5.1. Sefalometrik Değerlendirmede Kullanılan Noktalar ……………………………………..42 3.5.2. Sefalometrik Değerlendirmede Kullanılan Doğrular….…………………………………..45 3.5.3. Sefalometrik Değerlendirmede Kullanılan Ölçümler …………………………………….47 3.6. İstatistiksel Değerlendirme ………………………………………………………………………………….53 4. BULGULAR ..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….54 4.1. Tanımlayıcı Bulgular …………………………………………………………………………………………….54 4.2. Metod Hatası ..…………………………………………………………………………………………………….55 4.3. Grupların Başlangıç Dönemindeki (T1) Model Analizi ve Sefalometrik Analiz Ölçümlerinin Karşılaştırılması……………………………………………………………………………….55 4.4. Grupların T2 – T1 Dönemlerine Ait Model Analizi Ölçümlerinin Karşılaştırması…….58 4.5. Grupların T2-T1 Dönemlerine Ait Sefalometrik Ölçümlerinin Karşılaştırılması………61 5. TARTIŞMA ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….64 5.1. Çalışmanın Amacı…………………………………………………………………………………………………64 5.2. Bireyler ve Yöntem………………………………………………………………………………………………64 5.2.1. Birey Seçim Kriterleri……………………………………………………………………………………64 5.2.2. Yöntem………………………………………………………………………………………………………..65 5.3. Bulgular……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….67 5.3.1. Model Analizi Ölçümleriyle İlgili Bulgular …………………………………………………….67 5.3.2. Sefalometrik Analiz Ölçümleriyle İlgili Bulgular ……………………………………………68 6. SONUÇLAR ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..74 KAYNAKLAR EKLER Ek 1: Etik Kurul Onayı Ek 2: Çocuk Rıza Formu Ek 3: Bilgilendirilmiş Gönüllü Olur Formutr_TR
dc.language.isoturtr_TR
dc.publisherSağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsütr_TR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccesstr_TR
dc.subjectTek Taraflı Molar Distalizasyonu
dc.subjectCarriere Distalizer
dc.subjectMini Vida
dc.titleDişlerden Veya Kemikten Destek Alan Carrıere Dıstalızer Apareyiyle Yapılan Tek Taraflı Distalizasyonun Dentofasiyal Yapılar Üzerine Etkilerinin Değerlendirilmesitr_TR
dc.typedentThesistr
dc.description.ozetSANCAR TURAN, İ. Dişlerden veya Kemikten Destek Alan Carriere Distalizer Apareyiyle Yapılan Tek Taraflı Distalizasyonun Dentofasiyal Yapılar Üzerine Etkilerinin Değerlendirilmesi. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ortodonti Anabilim Dalı, Uzmanlık Tezi, Ankara, 2018. Giriş: Bu çalışmanın amacı tek taraflı distalizasyon gereken bireylerde mini vida ve lingual ark desteğiyle uygulanan Carriere Distalizer apareyinin dentofasiyal yapılar üzerine etkilerinin değerlendirilmesidir. Bireyler ve yöntem: Çalışmaya 20 hasta dahil edildi. Dahil edilme kriterleri şunlardı; tek taraflı Sınıf II ya da baş başa molar-kanin ilişkisine sahip olmaları, üst ikinci molar dişlerinin sürmüş olması, normal ya da horizontal büyüme yönünde olmaları, açık kapanış eğilimi bulunmaması. Çalışmaya dahil edilen hastalar kökler arasındaki kemik genişliği ve yapışık dişeti genişliğinin uygunluğuna göre gruplara ayrıldı. Carriere Distalizer apareyi 1. grupta (n=10) lingual ark, 2.grupta (n=10) ise mini vida desteğiyle uygulandı. Bireyler, tedavi başlangıcında (T1) ve tedavi sonunda (T2) alınan model ve sefalometrik film kayıtları ile değerlendirildi. Bulgular: Tedavi lingual ark grubunda 3 ± 0.7 ay, mini vida grubunda ise 4 ± 1.2 ay sürmüştür. Sefalometrik filmlerden ölçülen ortalama distalizasyon miktarı lingual ark grubunda 3.4 ±1.8 mm, mini vida grubunda ise 3.1 ± 0.6 mm’dir. Birinci molar dişteki eğilme miktarı ise palatal düzlem referans alındığında lingual ark grubunda 0.8°, mini vida grubunda 2° bulunmuştur. Lingual ark grubunda IMPA açısında anlamlı miktarda (3.1°) artış görülmüştür. Maksiller kanin spontan şekilde distalize olmuştur. İskeletsel ve yumuşak dokularda istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir değişim görülmemiştir. Sonuçlar: Çalışmamızın sonucunda Carriere Distalizer apareyinin tek taraflı kullanımında; iskeletsel ve yumuşak dokular üzerinde anlamlı etkisinin olmadığı, lingual ark grubunda alt keserleri anlamlı miktarda labiale eğimlendirdiği, mini vida grubunda üst keserlerin anlamlı miktarda retrakte olduğu ve her iki grupta da etkili distalizasyon gerçekleştiği belirlendi.tr_TR
dc.contributor.departmentOrdotontitr_TR
dc.embargo.terms6 aytr_TR
dc.embargo.lift2019-08-27T13:24:06Z


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