Göç Süreçlerindeki Çocukların Karşılanamayan Gereksinimleri, Haklara Erişimleri ve Beklentileri: Ankara ve Hatay'da Yaşayan Suriyeli Çocuklar Örneği
Gencer, Tahir Emre
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This study aims to present the needs of children in migration processes, the challenges they face and the expectations, coping mechanisms and support systems of children in migration processes with the access to chilren’s rights. It also takes a holistic time frame including pre-migration, immigration and post-migration chronological stages based on children's expressions and perceptions. In this context, in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 Syrian children of whom 17 are boys and 13 are girls living in Ankara and Hatay. Analysis process was carried out within the framework of Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS, NVivo 11) parallel to the semi-structured interview directive and the purpose of the research. As a result of the analysis, four main themes about children in migration process have emerged as “Rights Perception Form of Children”, “Children's Needs and Challenges They Face”, “Coping Mechanisms and Support Systems of Children” and “Childrends Expectations”. Children have been seen that they express right concept through unmet needs and challenges created by unfulfilled requirements of war and forced migration beyond righ frame. Although the needs and challenges faced by children were shaped by Max-Neef's nine needs in the humanitarian needs and satisfiers matrix, data density mostly clustered within the framework of basic requirements within in the need to subsistence and the need for protection. It is noteworthy that the coping mechanisms and support systems of children are largely shaped by large family relations, cultural and traditional characteristics. It was determined that the expectations of the children were in parallel with the unmet needs and difficulties. However, children's needs and access to rights vary according to the needs and challenges faced by Syrian children. Within the framework of the results of the study, it was discussed how an eclectic social work intervention should be under the roof of rights-based and empowerment approaches for children in migration processes.