İran'da Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi
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Iran is one of the countries where Turkish as a foreign language is very popular. Many Iranians from various socio-cultural classes are interested in Turkish culture due to different reasons and thus, they desire to learn Turkish. Currently, Turkology departments in Iran, Tehran Yunus Emre Institute and private language courses are able to respond to Iranians' aspiration to learn Turkish as a foreign language. The Turkish teaching activities as a foreign language in Iran is not coordinated by an authority and some problems related to the place and the target audience occur in nearly every stage of language teaching. In this regard, the issue of this research consists of teaching Turkish as a foreign language in Iran. It can be said that the Turkish teaching activities in the capital city, Tehran and other cities such as Shiraz, Mashad, Zancan, Tabriz, Urumiya, Maraga and Ardabil have been happening for along time compared to other many countries. Within this scope, the Turkish teaching activities in Iran were analyzed in terms of target audience, need analysis, teachers, instructional places, teaching tools, testing and assessment and learning outputs. After that, the learning process was focused and the difficulties that the Iranian target audience had in learning the Turkish were examined separately for four language skills in the light of the data acquired with various methods. In addition, some suggestions were given in order to deal with the aforementioned difficulties. Furthermore, Turkish teaching in Iran is performed thanks to the language teaching materials and methods prepared for the general target audience. However, it is clear that Turkish language and culture have a linguistic and cultural closeness to Persian languages. It can be pointed out that using the common language and culture elements in language teaching will lead the target audience to raise their motivation and to learn more easily. Therefore, the elements such as “two or more multilingualism in Iran” and “language and interculturality” were focused in this research study. The effects of the two or more multilingualism into the classrooms and the facilities of the closeness between Turkish and Persian cultures for Turkish teaching in Iran were also mentioned in the study. At the end of the research, suggestions on Turkish teaching policy in Iran was offered.