Türkiye ve Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nin Ulusal Güvenlik Sistemlerinin İncelenmesi: Türkiye İçin Öneriler
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ABSTRACT MAĞAT, Muhammet. Examination of National Security Systems of Turkey and United States of America: Recommendations for Turkey, Master’s Thesis, Ankara, 2019. In this thesis, it is assumed that national security systems are epistemic communities based on the Whole of Government Approach. These systems include; internal logic, organizational structures, responsivity to reform, political needs and security management. In addition, this study aims to identify the national security policies and systems as a field of public policy. It aims to create a perspective on the understanding of the Whole of Government Approach and the epistemic community model in the context of national security culture. Again in this framework, national security systems’ importance of their work is based on a meaningful strategic culture that in the set of a common conviction, functioning and policy, by creating common normative and principled beliefs without politicization. The study was carried out in a descriptive manner based on a literature research. In the first part of the three-part study, a theoretical framework is drawn up and the second part examines the national security system in the United States. In the third part of the study, Turkey’s national security bureaucracy is discussed in detail. In conclusion part, it is trying to make an analysis of the feasibility of an intelligence community and national security adviser system in Turkey, like the United States. Considering the findings of the study, the following conclusion is reached: national security systems are epistemic communities which are based on strategic culture in the context of their integrated analytic culture. Key Words National security systems, intelligence community, epistemic community, whole of government approach, strategic culture.