THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURE MECHANIZATION AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY ON AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
Yücel, Muhammed Hasan
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Agriculture and agricultural production play an important role on population in a country. With the development of agriculture, humanity can continue its progress. Cultivation, fertilization and fertilization methods, mechanization of agriculture and high-yield hybrid seeds have enabled agricultural production to meet the food needs of the population. Especially it was absolutely saving time and effort with mechanization. excess labour occurred in the agricultural sector has created the phenomenon of migration from rural to urban glides to other sectors. In this study, the mechanization and productivİty in agricultural production is being investigated its impact on agricultural employment in Turkey. In this context, 2009Q3-2018Q2 period between the level of mechanization in Turkey, the number of employed in the agricultural sector, agricultural Gross Domestic Product values and the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model analysis was performed with statistical data on agricultural land in the same period. As a result of the analysis, it was found that mechanization level and average income per capita in agriculture had a negative effect on agricultural employment rate in the long run.
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