TEMİZ ÜRETİM UYGULAMALARI: ANTALYA ORGANİZE SANAYİ BÖLGESİNDE ISO 14001 ÇEVRE YÖNETİM SİSTEMİ UYGULAYAN FİRMALAR ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA
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The aims of this study are to examine the factors behind the acceptance of the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS) in the firms of the Antalya Organized Industrial Zone (AOSB) and the expected improvements as a result of the practice and to see if they differ according to the firm characteristics. This study explains the concepts such as cleaner production, sustainability and environmental management systems. This research was also carried out to investigate the reasons of the ISO 14001 EMS implementation in the real sector and the analysis of the results according to company characteristics. Factors affecting ISO 14001 EMS adoption of firms were examined within four titles such as financial factors, factors related with environment, factors related with competition and factors for stakeholders. The improvements of firms as a result of ISO 14001 EMS implementation were examined into two parts as titled as the improvements in environmental management activities and the impacts on the overall performance of the company. In order to determine whether these factors vary according to firm characteristics, 14 hypotheses were formed. The appropriate questionnaire method was chosen to conduct the research. A study previously applied throughout Turkey was held in AOSB. The data collected by the questionnaire were analyzed separately for each subscale by statistical methods such as independent samples T-Test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Mann Whitney U Test and Kruskal Wallis Test. As a result of the research, the financial factors differed according to the exportation status, the factors related to environment differed according to the number of employees and the factors related to competition differed according to the sector were determined. According to the company declarations, the improvements in the processes related to environmental management activities as a result of the implementation of ISO 14001 EMS differed according to the number of employees. Also the improvements in the overall performance of the company showed differences according to the sales revenue.