FERİDUN ORAL’IN RESİMLİ ÖYKÜ KİTAPLARI ÜZERİNE BİR DOKÜMAN İNCELEMESİ
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The importance of picture story books in terms of starting to read, enjoying reading and loving reading cannot be denied. Therefore, the illustrations and texts of illustrated story books, which have a great place on reading, must have certain qualities. In addition to being compatible with the content of images and text, their illustrations should accelerate the reading flow and have the appropriate length of text. In this context, this study was designed as a document review of Feridun Oral's illustrated story boks. The study includes 15 story boks both written and illustrated by Oral between 1993 and 2017. The aim of this study is to perform formal, contextual and artistic analyses of illustrations and texts of Oral's 15 story books. For document analysis, “picture and text analysis items” were created by making use of literature and arrangements were made according to expert opinions and finalized. In line with these analysis items, each of Oral’s 15 story books has been examined by considering each page separately. In this context, the study is a document analysis study and it is a qualitative study. In the analysis of the data, besides document analysis, content analysis was performed and descriptive statistics methods were also used. The validity of the study was tried to be ensured by expert opinions and the reliability of the study was ensured by the internal consistency of the evaluations performed by another person besides the researcher. The internal consistency between the researcher and the other field expert's evaluations was 0.92, which is a very high level of reliability. According to the findings of the study, it was seen that the expected qualifications are met in 91% of the books bzed on formal analysis of the illustrations where illustration ratio, illustration placement, opacity of the ground, natural formality of the assets, front-back and inner cover illustrations are considered; in 80% of the books based on contextual analysis of the illustrations where predicting the text, increasing expressionism, supporting the main idea and reflecting a culture or time, are evaluated; and in 99% of the books based on artistic analysis of the illustrations where the features of lines and shapes, reflecting the emotions, the texture feature, the characteristics of the shadows, the detail of the drawings and presenting them in composition are taken into account. On the other hand, it was found that the expected qualities are satisfied in 97% of the books on formal analysis of the text where text ratio, placement of the text, line spacing characteristics, the way of giving, writing point and style are considered; in 94% of the books on contextual analysis of the text where the harmony of the title of the book, the appropriateness of the subjects and characters, the mastery of the main idea, the fiction of introduction, development and conclusion, the encouragement of rational thinking, and the association of the message with the characters are evaluated; and in 99% of the books on artistic analysis of the text where reading fluency, using a comprehensible style, attractiveness, encouraging imagination and using Turkish language are included. The study is thought to be important in terms of providing information about the analysis of the formal, contextual and artistic components of the pictures and texts of Feridun Oral's picture story books and will contribute to children's literature in this context.