Gender Difference in Internal Educational Migration: Distance Analysis Between Hometown and University For Students Applied for Residing In The Dormitories of General Directorate of Credit and Hostels
Bingöl , Şahin
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There are few studies on migration for educational purposes, both in Turkey and around the world. However, as a result of globalization and shortening of distances, the movement of migration for educational purposes increased and continues increasing. This situation reveals the necessity of working on this subject. In this thesis, we analyzed the information about the profile of students who change their place of residence for university education. First, as a background, an information about the development of universities in Turkey has been given, and accommodation problems arising from this development have been mentioned. Also information about General Directorate of Credit and Hostels (KYK), the largest public institution that provides housing opportunities for university students in Turkey, has been given. As the major concept of this thesis, the aspect of gender and distance of educational migration has been examined based on the information of students who applied to be accommodated in KYK hostels in 2017-2018 academic year. In addition to multiple linear regression analysis, the relationship between gender and distance has been examined with descriptive statistics. Besides demographic, social and economic characteristics of students, their scores in university entrance exam have also been examined according to the gender and the distance. The average distance between the hometown and the university of students have been calculated as 443,89 km for female students and 512,81 km for male students. According to the analysis conducted by the ordinary least squares method(OLS), male students study in universities which are located at longer distances from their hometown than female students. Moreover, when descriptive statistics are considered, in all social-demographic groups male students move longer distance than females.