Sağlıklı Beslenme Alışkanlığı Kazandırılması Projesi Kapsamında İlkokul Öğrencilerinin Ebeveynlerine Verilen Beslenme Eğitiminin, Çocukların Beslenme Alışkanlıkları Üzerine Etkileri
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This study was conducted as a case-control study with 168 students and parents in January-April 2019 to evaluate the changes in children's nutrition and activity habits 15 days after the nutrition education given to parents in two primary schools of different socioeconomic levels in Gaziantep. Data were collected twice with Student Health Assessment Questionnaire, questionnaire form, Parent Mealtime Action Scale and food consumption record. After the training, it was determined that the rate of skipping the breakfast and lunch meal decreased, and the rate of having breakfast at home, and bringing lunch from home increased. The most common sub-dimension used by the parents in the education group was the daily fruit and vegetable options before and after the training, and positive persuasion before the training in the control group was determined as the daily fruit and vegetable options after the training. In the post-training group, daily vegetable and fruit options and reduction of animal fat subscale scores increased and decreased in the control group. According to the socioeconomic level before the education, there were significant differences in the energy and nutrient intake of the students and it was determined that these differences disappeared after the education. With the positive persuasion sub-dimension of the parents in the education group, the students were (-) with pre-training protein (%), and (+) with protein (g); energy, fat (g), carbohydrate (g) (+), protein (%) (-); post-training (-), carbohydrate (%) and (+) direction relationships were determined. In the education group, there were (-) relationships between the special meals sub-dimension before the training and the activity duration of the students, and (+) between the snacking model and the screen duration after the training. As a result; it was concluded that nutritional behaviors, as well as nutritional behaviors of the parents were effective on the nutritional and activity habits of the children and that parental participation studies accompanied by a dietitian and psychologist should be expanded in schools.
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