Duygusal İştahın Metabolik Sendrom, Obezite ve Depresyon Durumu ile İlişkisinin Değerlendirilmesi
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Nutrients are used as a method of coping with negative mood and stress in case of emotional eating. It can lead to weight gain and obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between emotional eating attitudes and metabolic syndrome, obesity and depression. In the present study, there were 79 participants, 50 of them were female and 29 of them were male. The age range of participants was 19-50. In this study, three different groups were formed. 34.2% of the participants were in the healthy control group, 22.8% were in the obesity group and 43% were in the metabolic syndrome group who diagnosed according to ATP III criteria. The general characteristics of the participants which were emotional eating attitude, depression states and eating habits were evaluated with a face-to-face questionnaire. “Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ)” was used to assess emotional eating attitude, “Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)” was used to assess depression states, 24-hour recall food record was administered to assess their nutritional status, glycemic index and glycemic load values were calculated. DEBQ, emotional eating, extrinsic eating and BDI scores were found that significantly different between the groups (p <0.05). DEBQ point average was found as 70 ± 3,69 in control group, 91,9 ± 5,34 in obesity group, 91,6±5,34 in metabolic syndrome group. When the gender factor was considered, it was found that the relationship between DEBQ and obesity, metabolic syndrome and depression was stronger and the significance level was higher in women. The restrictive eating attitude scores of participants were similar between the groups (p> 0.05). Glycaemic index and load values of individuals were found to be different between groups and genders, and insulin resistance factor was found to affect glycaemic index and the glycaemic load was more in female participants. Emotional eating increases with obesity and insulin resistance especially in woman and depression is also effective in emotional eating.