Bazı Sinek Türlerinin Çöp ve Çeşitli Dışkıları Tüketme Tercihlerinin Belirlenmesi
Turaman, Mehmet Faik Cem
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The purpose of this thesis work is to test whether the various fly larvas are beneficial in the conversion of the stool of diverse animals and household waste through consommation. Some fly species are currently under use effectively in the converison of household waste and farm animals’ manures. However, conversion of dog stool by using flies is not attempted so far and is the subject of this thesis. For this purpose, six fly species, in order of introduction into the work Calliphora vicina (R-Desvoidy 1830), Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826), Musca domestica (L., 1758), Fannia canicularis (L., 1761), Sarcophaga argyrostoma (R-Desvoidy, 1830) and Hermetia illucens (L., 1758), were captured during their convenient season by using bait traps and reared in the laboratory, their eggs or larvas were deposited on the clutches of dog, chicken, cattle and sheep stool or household waste, then these clutches were weighed before and after larval consumption and the differences were compared. Among those flies, Hermetia illucens (Stratiomyidae: Diptera), Musca domestica (Muscidae: Diptera), Sarcophaga argyrostoma (Sarcophagidae: Diptera), and Lucilia sericata (Calliphoridae: Diptera) respectively have been effective in various degrees in consuming the above mentioned biowastes. Especially Hermetia illucens and Musca domestica, may be considered as free of charge, low risk, effective and efficient control agents in conversion of the farm animals’ manures, dog stool and household waste. Larger scale implementation of the findings of this thesis in the field is needed.