The Plasma Levels Of Prostanoids And Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 In Primary And Secondary Thrombocytosis
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An elevated platelet count is a common finding in both hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Thrombosis and bleeding complications are more frequently observed in patients with clonal thrombocytosis than secondary thrombocytosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the behaviors of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), the inhibitor of fibrinolysis; and thromboxane A2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, the products of endoperoxides, in 16 patients affected with clonal thrombocytemia as compared with 16 patients with reactive thrombocytosis and 15 normal controls. In the clonal thrombocytemia group, plasma levels of PAI-1 antigen and activity were significantly higher than both reactive thrombocytosis and control group. Plasma levels of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha were significantly higher in the clonal thrombocytemia group than the other two groups and also higher in the reactive thrombocytosis group than the control group, which was also significant. This study confirms that arachidonate metabolism is frequently deranged in patients with thrombocytosis and hypofibrinolysis due to increased PAI-1 plasma levels as shown in the clonal thrombocytosis group. This may explain the thrombotic tendency in myeloproliferative disorders.