Hemşirelerin Ölüm, Ölümcül Hasta ve Ötenaziye Ilişkin Tutumları
Ayça Ay, Melike
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This research is done as a descriptive study to determine nurses’ attitudes abouth death, dying patient and euthanasia. It is conducted with 340 nurses who are working in 25 hospitals which has a pediatric or adult intensive care unit and located within the boundaries of Ankara Metropolitan Municipality. “Nurse Data Sheet” and “Attitude Scale Abouth Euthanasia, Death and Dying Patient” were used as data collection tool. The data obtained from research was evaluated using SPSS 15.0 statistics package program. Descriptive statistics, t test, one way analysis of varience, Tukey Test and LSD Test were used for data analysis. According to the findings of research, the mean total score of nurses’ attitudes abouth euthanasia, death and dying patient is calculated as 83.31 ± 9.48. Mean score of points of sub scales are; 36.94 ± 7.61 for attitudes on euthanasia, 24.07 ± 2.80 for attitudes on death and 22.28 ± 3.18 for attitudes on dying patient. It is found that there are statistically significant difference between the factors of marital status, having child, years of experience, bereavement experience, affected by working with dying patient, definition of euthanasia, views about patients who are appropriate for euthanasia, views about patients who desire to die, feeling need for counseling on death, dying patient and euthanasia according to the mean total score of nurses’ attitudes abouth euthanasia, death and dying patient (p<0.05). There are not statistically significant difference between the factors of age, working unit, definition of death, difficulties of working with dying patient, approaches and feelings of nurses regarding patients who desire to death according to the the mean total score of nurses’ attitudes abouth euthanasia, death and dying patient (p>0.05). According to these results it is recommended in order to gained possitive attitude to death, dying patient and euthanasia, the implementation of training and consulting services to nurses at appropriate intervals during both education and business life.