Involvement of Rho Kinase and Protein Kinase C in Carbachol-Induced Calcium Sensitization in Beta-Escin Skinned Rat and Guinea-Pig Bladders
Durlu-Kandilci, N. Tugba
Brading, Alison F.
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1 The signal transduction pathways involved in carbachol (CCh)-induced calcium sensitization in beta-escin permeabilized rat and guinea-pig bladder smooth muscles were investigated and the results were compared with guinea-pig taenia caecum. 2 Calcium contractions elicited cumulatively (pCa 7.5-5) in the presence of calmodulin were significantly increased in all three tissues when CCh (50 mu M) was added to the medium. 3 Under constant [Ca2+](i) conditions (pCa 6), calmodulin (1 mu M) and then GTP (100 PM) initiated significant contractions. CCh (50 mu M) added to the bath caused a further contraction in all three tissues - calcium sensitization. This sensitization was significantly inhibited by atropine (50 pm). 4 The incubation of the tissues with the IP3-receptor blocker 2-APB (30 mu M) reduced the subsequent development of calcium sensitization by CCh in rat bladder but did not affect it in guinea-pig bladder and taenia ceacum. 5 The Rho kinase (ROK) inhibitor Y-27632 (5 mu M) added in the presence of CCh reversed the calcium sensitization in rat bladder, whereas a transient contraction followed by a relaxation to a level not significantly different from the CCh contraction was seen in both guinea-pig bladder and taenia caecum. Y-27632 (1 mu M) continuously present significantly inhibited the CCh-induced Ca2+ sensitization in rat bladder but not in guinea-pig bladder or taenia caecum. 6 In the presence of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) (1 mu M) and calmodulin (1 mu M), Y-27632 (5 mu M) did not change the calcium response curve (3 x 10(-7)-10(-5) m) in rat bladder but increased the contractile responses significantly in both guinea-pig bladder and taenia caecum. 7 The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF 109203X (5 mu M) added in the presence of CCh inhibited the calcium sensitization induced by this muscarinic agonist in all three tissues in different ratios. 8 In conclusion, muscarinic receptor activation induces calcium sensitization in rat and guinea-pig detrusor smooth muscles but there are differences in their pathways.