Fetal Allogeneic Umbilical Cord Cell Transplantation Improves Motor Function In Spinal Cord-Injured Rats
Sahin, Iffet Feride
Denkbas, Emir Baki
Altinors, Mehmet Nur
xmlui.mirage2.itemSummaryView.MetaDataShow full item record
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the transplantation of fetal umbilical cord tissue cells as a source of stem cells into the acutely injured spinal cord would produce some regenerations and/or functional recovery in a rat model of spinal cord injury. MATERIAL and METHODS: Material and Methods: Five pregnant albino Wistar rats of 12 days gestation were used for obtaining art umbilical cord cell graft. At the second stage of the experiment only Th8-Th9 laminectomy was performed in Group A animals while Group B animals underwent spinal cord hemitransection. The cultured fetal umbilical cord cells coated with Alginate Gel were placed into the lesion cavity immediately after surgery in Group C animals. Group D animals received only Alginate gel sponges into the injured area. All experiment groups were analyzed histologically and immunohistochemically (GFAP, Ki-67, and Pan cadherin) and for motor function after surgery. RESULTS: Results: The umbilical cord cell transplanted animals showed a significant motor recovery compared to non-transplanted animals at 8 and 21 days after spinal cord injury (p=0.008). Significant GFAP and Ki-67 expressions were noted in transplanted animals (p=0.048) suggesting astroglial proliferation. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the possibility of some functional recovery after umbilical cord cell transplantation following spinal cord injury.