Ergenlerin Psikolojik Dayanıklılık Düzeylerini Etkileyen Bireye Özgü Çeşitli Değişkenlerin İncelenmesi
Yüksel Doğan, Raziye
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This research aimed to determine whether mindfulness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and self-competence are related to resilience for adolescents having experienced risky life events and test whether these variables have a role in explaining resilience. The sample of this correlational research was determined using the criterion sampling method. In this context, the study included 416 adolescents aged 14-18 years who attended secondary education institutions in Çankaya and Yenimahalle districts of Ankara and, as a criterion, reported to have experienced at least one risk factor in a certain period of their lives. In the study, the “Personal Information Form,” “Risky Life Events Form,” “Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale-A,” “Adolescent Psychological Resilience Scale,” “Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale,” “Perceived Competence Scale,” and “Satisfaction with Life Scale” were used as data collection tools. The results revealed a significant positive relationship between psychological resilience and mindfulness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and academic and social competence. Also, it was determined that 48.7% of the change in psychological resilience of the participants could be explained by self-esteem, social competence, satisfaction with life, academic competence, and mindfulness and that the effects of these variables were in the positive direction. At the same time, it was explored whether resilience, mindfulness, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and academic and social competence levels of adolescents varied by gender, school type, grade level, number of siblings, birth order, parental union, family structure, parental education level, employment status of parents, and perceived income. The results obtained were discussed and interpreted in light of the literature.