Obez Bireylerde Duyusal İşlemleme, Çevresel Faktörler Ve Serbest Zaman Aktivitelerine Katılım Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi
Erkan, İrem Duygu
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This research was planned to examine the leisure activities participation of obese individuals, their exposure to environmental factors and their sensory processing skills, and the interaction of these three factors with each other. 51 obese individuals and 51 normal-weight individuals are included in our study. Participants were provided with the Canadian Occupational Performance Scale (COPM) to assess activity performance, the Craigh Hospital Environmental Factors Scale (CHIEF-SF) to assess environmental factors, the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP) to assess sensory processing skills, and A semi-structured interview form was applied to evaluate the leisure time activity perceptions of obese individuals, their activity preferences, activity motivations and the effect of barriers/facilitators that may affect activity participation, and the physical and social environment in which they perform their activities. All data were analyzed statistically. A difference in obese individuals' performance and satisfaction in leisure activities was found statistically significant (p<0.05). Obese individuals were found to be affected by environmental factors (p<0.05). Differences were found in the sensory processing skills of obese individuals (p<0.05). A positive low-moderate relationship was found between obese individual's leisure time activities and environmental factors (p<0.05). A positive low-moderate relationship was found between obese individual's sensory processing skills and environmental factors (p<0.05). In the qualitative analysis results of COPM, the top 5 activities that obese individuals have the most difficulty in performing in leisure activities were found to be walking, shopping for textiles, doing sports, traveling and meeting with their friends. In the rehabilitation of obese individuals, there is a need for occupational therapists to evaluate leisure activities, sensory processing and environmental factors, and to organize person-centered reading-based intervention studies for this.