Pozitif Bireysel Faktörlerin COVID-19 Kaygısı İle Olan İlişkisinin Obsesif Kompulsif Bozukluk Ve Yaygın Kaygı Bozukluğu Belirtileri Kapsamında İncelenmesi: Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlük Ve COVID-19 Kaygısının Aracı Rolü
Aydın, Eda Umutlu
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Epidemics affect mental health as well as physical health. The present study investigated whether the severity of COVID-19 related distress, obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms and generalized anxiety disorders symptoms differed according to socio-demographic variables such as gender, being diagnosed with COVID-19, losing a relative due to COVID-19, having a chronic physical illness, living with an individual over 60 or a child, and being a healthcare worker. In addition, the mediating roles of intolerance of uncertainty and psychological distress related to COVID-19 in the relationship of cognitive control and cognitive flexibility to obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic were examined. The sample of the study consisted of 478 adults between the ages of 18-64. Participants were asked to complete the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale, the COVID-19 Distress Scale, the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, and the Cognitive Control and Flexibility Questionnaire. The results of the one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) indicated that females compared to males, individuals who did not lose their relatives due to COVID-19 compared to those who lost, individuals who shared their household with their children compared to those who did not, health-care workers compared to those who are not reported lower obsessive-compulsive symptom levels. Moreover, intolerance to uncertainty and psychological distress related to COVID-19 mediated the relationship of cognitive control and cognitive flexibility to obsessive-compulsive symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic.