Die Integrationsproblematik und Identitätserschaffung aus der Perspektive des Multikulturalismus. Eine politisch- und literarische Debatte in den Werken der Autoren Serdar Somuncu und Thilo Sarrazin
Solaker, Ayşegül Aycan
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The international migration therefore appears to be one of the most challenging and complex issues that governments have to deal with, especially nowadays. With the existence of different groups like foreigners, locals, citizens, immigrants and refugees, it is very difficult for countries to have a homogeneous social structure. Demands are made for coherence in migration policies, but it is not an easy goal as different values need to be reconciled, including economic, security and humanitarian. At this point, multiculturalism is one of the most important topics of discussion in contemporary political theory and it is based on the demands of ethnocultural groups for the recognition of their identity and culture. Multiculturalism is still a controversial issue for Germany and is not officially recognized by Germany. This situation leads to a deepening debate between the nature of citizenship and belonging in Germany in the context of integration. In this context, the aim of the work is to find an answer to Germany's integration problem with multiculturalism and to make a contribution to the literature with an alternative reading of existing problems. For this purpose, the methodology of the work and then the concepts of multiculturalism and identity are discussed in the first part of the work. After giving the definition of multiculturalism and its historical development, the views of Charles Taylor and Will Kymlicka, who represent the communitarian and liberal view, are included. In the second chapter, the integration in Germany was debated and the applicability of the Canadian model in Germany was mentioned, giving the appearance of multiculturalism in different countries. In the practical part of the work, the works of the authors, "Der Antitürke" Serdar Somuncus and "Deutschland schafft sich ab" Thilo Sarrazins were examined, which represent the different ideas of integration and to which the critical discourse analysis of Ruth Wodak was applied.