Türkiye’de Yaşayan Suriyeli Gençlerin Sosyal İşlevsellik, Yaşam Kalitesi, Özyeterlik Algısı ve Psikolojik İyi Oluş Halinin İncelenmesi
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In this study, it is aimed to describe the socio-cultural structures of Syrian youth between the ages of 15-24 who migrated to Turkiye owing to the Syrian Civil War and to examine the social functionality, quality of life, perceived self-efficacy and psychological well-being in the axis of various socio-cultural variables. For this purpose, of the research process, designed in accordance with the mixes methodology, quantitative part, the extent to which the dependent variables differ in accord with to the socio-cultural variables of the Syrian youth was examined. In the qualitative part, how the Syrian youth perceive the changes in their socio-cultural structures after migration to Turkiye is detailed, and the findings obtained from the quantitative part are provided in detail. In this context, 368 Syrian youth were interviewed for the quantitative part of the study, and data were collected through a questionnaire including sociodemographic and sociocultural variables, social functionality questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale, World Health Organization Well-Being Index and General Self-Efficacy Scale. In the qualitative part, individual interviews were conducted with 28 Syrian youth using a semi-structured interview form. As a result of the research, it was discovered that Syrian youth generally have a low quality of life, while women have lower social functionality, quality of life, psychological well-being and self-efficacy perceptions than men. The fact that Syrian youth work informally to a large extent leads to a decrease in household income and negatively affects their quality of life. On the other hand, it has been concluded that young people with temporary protection status and who do not have any status have less access to services in Turkiye, interact less with Turks, are exposed to more discriminatory practices and live in more adverse conditions compared to Syrian youth who are Turkish citizens. It is among the results obtained during the research process that the Syrian youth who lost their relatives in the war still need psychosocial support. It has been observed that Syrian youth complain a lot about language education in Turkish schools. In this context, it has been suggested to increase the importance given to language education in schools, to make primary and secondary education compulsory for Syrian children and youth, and to implement awareness-raising practices for teachers in schools. In addition, it was suggested to strengthen the relationship between Turkiye and Syria, since a significant part of the youth participating in the research expressed that they wanted to return to Syria.