Türk Devletleri Teşkilatı’nın Sosyal İnşacı Teori Çerçevesinde Analizi
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In this thesis, the relations between Turkey and the Turkic Republics, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which declared their independence after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1991, are analyzed. The Organization of Turkic States, the ideological infrastructure of which was created with Ismail Gasprinsky’s ideology of “Unity in Language, Opinion, and Work” and which completed the institutionalization process with the Nakhchivan Agreement of 2009, is the highest point of these relations. In this study, it is evaluated that the ideal of the Turkic Union and the efforts made in this direction will play an important role in shaping international relations on a regional and global scale in the future. In contrast to the Neo-Realist theory, which is based on the anarchic nature of international relations, analyses the international system only through material structures; Social Constructivist theory argues that social and ideational structures are at least as effective as material structures in International Relations. According to the Social Constructivist approach, the system of ideas, beliefs and values shared by the actors in the system has a structural characteristic and has a determinant effect on social-political actions. The Turkic Republics, leagued together by common identity, culture, beliefs and values, the integration processes within the Organization of Turkic States, which started with the summit process and supported by new institutions, are evolving into a positive structure. Relations and cooperation in the fields of science, culture, education, economy, and diplomatic, political and legal fields confirm the Social Constructivist Theory’s claim that not only material structures but also structures arising from opinions and ideals can lead sovereign states in the international arena to redefine their national interests in terms of the role they play in certain formations. The main argument of this thesis is that based on the Social Constructivist perspective in International Relations, it will be possible for the Turkic States, which are members of the Organization of Turkic States, to reach a stage where they can jointly determine their national interests in the international arena within the framework of the cooperation structures that exist within the Organization and will be established in the process.