“0-6 Yaş” Çocuğu Olan Ailelerin Özellikleri ve Toplumsal Cinsiyet Temelli Yaşadıkları Sorunlar: Çözüme Yönelik Eğitim Programının Hazırlanması
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In populations of family life cycle where families with young children and preschool children exist, it is known that parents face problems due to gender roles at the point of fulfilling child care and household choresand these problems affect families at both micro and macro levels. Considering from this point of view, the present study was planned and conducted for the purpose of developing a family life education program to solve gender-based problems faced by families with children aged 0-6 years. In the study, descriptive and experimental methods were used collectively. In the descriptive dimension, “Attitude Scale on Gender Roles of Parents with 0-6 Year Old Children” was developed to determine the attitudes of parents with children aged 0-6 years toward fulfilling household chores and child care activities and “Domestic Role and Responsibility Sharing of Parents with Children Aged 0-6 Years Scale” was developed to determine domestic responsibility sharing. In the experimental dimension of the study, “Family Life Education Program for the Solution of Gender-Related Problems of Families with Children Aged 0-6 Years” was developed to raise awareness in parents with children aged 0-6 years regarding their gender-related problems, increase their knowledge level to cope with problems and create a change of attitudes and behaviors. In the study, “Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design” was used. Experimental (8 mothers-8 fathers) and control (8 mothers-8 fathers) groups with 16 parents were created. Prior to starting the Family Life Education Program, the pretest was applied to the experimental and control group and then the experimental group received a 7-week training. Following the training, the posttest was applied to both groups. Effectiveness of the experimental procedure was tested via two-factor ANOVA test. Examining the data related to the experimental dimension of the study which tested the effectiveness of the experimental procedure, it was concluded that Family Life Education Program for the Solution of Gender-Related Problems of Families with Children Aged 0-6 Years which was prepared within the scope of the study had an impact on the attitudes of the experimental group parents toward gender roles and their domestic responsibility sharing. The findings acquired were discussed within the frame of the relevant literature and recommendations were made for parents and families with children aged 0-6 years, as well as institutions and organizations serving families, units developing social policies and researchers.