Cloning Putative Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel Gene in Astacus Leptodactylus and Determination of Structural and Functional Properties of Related Protein
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Voltage-gated calcium channels are essential elements in development of many cellular processes like electrical signaling, contraction secretion and gene expression. There has been a fair amount of information about the functional and structural properties of the calcium channels in mammalian species. Crayfish serves as a model animal for many types of experiments. However, there has been no information related to the molecular and genetic properties of the calcium channels in the crayfish. Conventional cloning methods, three-dimensional structural calculations, docking experiments have been conducted. An mRNA 7791 bp in size has been cloned. The coding region has been translated into an alpha peptide with 1942 residues. The cloned protein sequence has similarity to other L-type voltage-gated calcium channel sequences from the neighboring species. Three-dimensional structure, in reference to human L-type voltage-gated calcium channel, has been calculated. Known calcium channel blockers; nifedipine, verapamil and diltiazem have been successfully docked on the calculated three-dimensional model. Considering the similarity assay in the NCBI platform, the three-dimensional structural calculations and the docking experiments it was concluded that the cloned mRNA codes an alpha peptide for a putative voltage-gated calcium channel protein in the crayfish. In the present work by using the conventional molecular biology methods complete mRNA coding a putative calcium channel was de novo cloned. Three-dimensional structure of the related protein was calculated and several pharmacological agents blocking the channel were docked to the identified receptor sites.