Hindistan Bağımsızlık Mücadelesi: Gandi, Cinnah Ve Nehru’nun Rolünün Tarihsel Bağlamda Değerlendirilmesi (1857-1947)
Ertan, Ali Erhan
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India is a country with an enormous diversity in terms of geography, race, religion, economic conditions, as well as a historical and cultural background of thousands of years. This thesis analyses the historical process by which the ancient peoples of India broke away from British rule and gained their independence. This composite force, which received support and participation from many different segments of society regardless of class, ethnic, religious, etc., and which simultaneously embodied the existence of sub-groups in periodic co-operation and competition, achieved its main goal of national independence. However, as a result of mass migration and violent movements, which are considered to be one of the greatest disasters in human history, a second partition took place, culminating in the birth of the present-day states of India and Pakistan. The time span of our thesis is 1857-1947. In order to effectively convey the developments that shaped the independence process to the reader, Indian history has been divided into ancient, medieval and modern periods, and the prominent political organisations and leaders in the relevant periods have been mentioned. In addition, sections from the lives of Mahatma Gandi, Cavaharlal Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who were the national leaders of the independence movement, are presented, and the intellectual perspectives of these leaders and the impact of their preferences on the road to independence are analysed in detail. Our thesis ends with the independence and partition of India in 1947.