36-72 Aylık Çocukların Benlik Kavramlarının İncelenmesi: Türkiye – Almanya Örneği
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The aim of this study was to investigate and determine the difference between self-concept levels of 36-72 -month -old children attending preschools in Turkey and Germany. The sample group consisted of 433 children from Turkey and 206 children from Germany. The sample group was determined by using criterion sampling method. Criterion sampling is a purposeful sampling method. In this study, relational screening model, one of the methods of quantitative research, was used. The data collection tool was the Self-Concept Questionnaire (Preschool Version) measurement for children. The assumptions were tested before analyzing the data and it was determined that the normality assumption was not met for the subgroups. Therefore, the Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were adopted. As a result, it was concluded that physical self-concept and ability-based self-concept scores of Turkish children were higher than those of German children. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the social self-concept scores of Turkish and German children. Moreover, the physical self-concept levels of 36-72 months old Turkish children were found to be higher than those of German children. On the other hand, there was no statistically significant difference between the ability-based self-concept and social self-concept scores of Turkish and German children. There was no statistically significant difference between the ability-based self-concept and social self-concept scores of 36-48, 49-60 and 61-72 months old Turkish and German children while there was a statistically significant difference between the physical self-concept scores of these there age groups in favor of Turkish children.
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